“The Muslim Turks dedicated waqfs for all sorts of human needs; it would take a long time to mention all of them and would fill an enormous number of books“
They dedicated waqfs for widows, for poor girls to purchase brides’ trousseau, for travellers, for arranging the funerals of the poor and destitute without relations, for the slaves, for feeding birds in winter when they could not find anything under the snow, for providing nurses to look after the children of working women, for looking after poor and orphaned children, for their education as well, for providing replacements for pitchers broken by children and servants, and for covering mucus on roads with ashes.
Men were paid by the kul vakfi (waqf of cash) to patrol streets, roads, lanes in the cities and towns, according to their assignments. When they saw anyone spitting saliva or phelgm, without saying anything to him they would simply cover it with ash taken with a wooden spoon from a saddle-bag carried on the shoulder.
Waqifs would build nice looking places for birds on the walls of their mosques and other buildings. A certain Murseli Aga dedicated a waqf in Odemish, western Anatolia, to storks that remained behind the flock because of illness, etc.
He dedicated the revenue of his waqf to feed the birds on liver and lung (in Turkish: jiger) and tripe. Another waqif dedicated the revenue of his waqf for the birds that came into the towns and cities in winter looking for something to eat. Many people had small basins on their tombs to provide water for birds.
To complete this topic let us mention sadaka tashlari (stones/pillars for the poor). A sadaka tasi was a one and a half metre high stone pillar with a smooth or concave surface on top. For sadaqa, people would put some money on top of it along with other charitable people.
Then, after ‘Isha when everyone went home, those who needed money would go and take it, saving their honour, without coming together, not knowing one another. Some of the sadaqa tasi had a lid or cover so that people could not see whether a person was putting money in or taking it out.
– Extract of Sultaniyya, by Shaykh Dr. Abdal-Qadir as-Sufi, downloadable here for free.