This is a continuation of 2 previous blog posts, taken from a course taught by Shaykh Muhammad Rami Nsour at Zaytuna Institute (as it then was) a few years back.
The Book of Fasting from the Risala of ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani
Swish water at the front of the mouth when doing wudu in Ramadan, don’t take it to the back of your mouth.
If a person travels less than the distance needed for them to shorten their prayer/break their fast but does so thinking that they have passed the correct distance (when actually they haven’t) then they don’t need to make up that fast as it was a reasonable excuse.
Expiation (“Kafara“) only applies for those who break fast by deliberate eating, drinking or sexual intercourse during the daylight hours of Ramadan. Remember thay the day missed must also be made up in addition to the Kafara.
There are three different ways of paying a Kafara:-
1. The Kafara of feeding consists of feeding 60 different poor people using 1 madd of grain/barley/wheat etc for each person. This is based volume and not weight as described in the previous blog post. This is the preferred way of doing Kafara according to the school of Imam Malik as many people benefit. It has to be given to a Muslim.
2. The Kafara of freeing a slave would be to free a slave for every day missed in Ramadan.
3. The Kafara of fasting is to fast 60 consecutive days for every single day missed in Ramadan.
If you’re making up a day you missed in Ramadan and purposely break your fast then you must make the day up but you don’t pay a Kafara (as it’s no longer the month of Ramadan).
If you’re unconscious when Fajr comes in (and therefore you haven’t made the intention for fasting the day) but then regain consciousness, you have to make up the fast.
You don’t have to make up the missed prayers unless you regain consciousness within the time of one of the prayers. (i.e. If you regain consciousness after Maghrib, you don’t make up Fajr, Duhr or ‘Asr but you must pray Maghrib.
The haram becomes moreso in a sacred time and/or place. One should be aware of guarding their tongue and limbs, particularly during Ramadan. A hijab/beard is for life, not just for Ramadan.
Honour the month as Allah as honoured it. This honour isn’t dictated by cultural practices such as grand feasts, but is steeped in the sunnah and includes such acts as giving more to charity, reciting more Qur’an and more ibadat.
The Sahaba decreased their overall intake of food during the month of Ramadan. Don’t consume three meals worth of food for Iftar just because you haven’t had breakfast lunch and dinner.
Sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadhan is forbidden. Touching or kissing to gain pleasure is also forbidden. Otherwise, touching and kissing is disliked. If the male fears the emission of prostatic fluid, or semen, then kissing and touching becomes forbidden.
It doesn’t matter if you wake up in the morning in a state of janaba. You can do your ghusl either before or after Fajr.
Prostatic fluid through sexual pleasure (i.e. by kissing/touching) breaks the fast. The day must be made up after Ramadan but no Kafara is paid.
If kissing/touching results in the emission of semen, then day must be made up after Ramadan and Kafara is also paid.
In the commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari (Fath al-Bari) ibn Hajar al-Asqalani states that the Messenger of Allah, upon him be blessings and peace, prayed different amounts of Tarawih during different nights, depending on his circumstances.
You can do as many rakats as you want, don’t think you can’t do more!
The Salaf as-Salih used to pray 20 rakats (followed by 2 rakats of Shafi’ and 1 rakat of Witr).
The righteous Caliph ‘Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz introduced the praying of 36 rakats of Tarawih in Medinah.
Night prayers are better if done at home as long as a congregation elsewhere is established and by you leaving the congregation, it would not detrimentally effect it.
Its easier to gain sincerity when doing actions in private.
Remember that Tarawih is a nafilah prayer. If you have obligatory prayers that need making up, these must be made up before (i.e. Instead of) Tarawih. If this is your case, then stay at home and make up your missed obligatory prayers instead of praying Tarawih.
It is an obligatory Sunnah ( in that it was not established in the Qur’an but Hadith ).
All Muslims have to have this paid for (children have this paid on their behalf).
1 sa’a : 4 madds : 2 litres of staple grain of the people. (wheat, barley, millet, dried cheese, dried dates etc.)
It has to be given out in grain, not in it’s monetary value. You can however give someone cash to purchase grain to then give out.
Hanafis believe it can be given out in the monetary value of the grain. Malikis believe it must be given out in grain.
A husband has to give out the sa’a for his wife.
A man has to pay for whomever he is responsible.
This is paid at daybreak of Eid al-Fitr (ideally before the prayer). To pay means to consciously remove it from your personal property.
Must be paid before Maghrib though.
Can be paid to either a:-
Faqir (not enough wealth to support him/her for 1 year) or a Miskeen (not enough provision for a day).
It is recommended that you break your fast before you leave for prayer on Eid al-Fitr.
It is recommended to leave for the Mosque and come back home via different routes. Everything you pass by of creation will bear witness for you on the Day of Judgment that you are in a state of worship. By passing by different aspects of creation you will increase the amount testimony on that Day. (Subhan Allah!)
Saying “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, walillahil Hamd” is said on Eid al-Adha, after the prayer, not on Eid al-Fitr. You can of course do individual takbirs by way of an individual dhikr on the way to the mosque.
Eid prayer is Sunnah if it is wajib for you to pray Jummah and Mandub for those who don’t.