In his commentary on the words, That you may warn [the people of] the mother of cities, and those around it… [42:7], he says, In its outward meaning, it [the mother of cities] refers to Mecca. In its inner meaning it refers to the heart, while those around it refer to the bodily members (jawāriḥ). Therefore warn them, that they might safeguard their hearts and bodily members from delighting in acts of disobedience and following [their] lusts.
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